Up to 3% of people have hyperhidrosis, although complications are rarely medically serious. On the other hand, excessive perspiration could be uncomfortable. Skin issues could be a hyperhidrosis complication, but they are typically minor. But it could cause a lot of psychological stress.
This illness results in profuse perspiration. Hyperhidrosis is the medical word for excessive (hyper) perspiration (hyperhidrosis).
When someone perspires more than is necessary, they are excessively perspiring. Yes, you must perspire. The body cools off as a result of sweating, preventing overheating. Hyperhidrosis patients, however, perspire even when they don't need to cool off.
Many hyperhidrosis sufferers experience excessive sweating in one or two body parts. They typically perspire on their heads, forearms, feet, or palms. One or two areas of the body may be dripping with sweat while the rest of the body is dry.
The body's nervous system controls when it sweats. These nerves can overreact, which would result in excessive perspiration.
You cannot catch it from someone, as far as we are aware.
Dermatologists are still looking into the causes of this condition. They are constantly improving medical practises. If excessive sweating interferes with your life, see a dermatologist. There are several effective treatments.
How many persons sweat excessively is hard to estimate. Many people avoid going to the doctor. Some people are too ashamed to consult a doctor. Others are unaware that this is a medical issue that may be managed. Dermatologists predict that 3% of Americans suffer from excessive perspiration.
We are aware that some persons have a higher risk of developing hyperhidrosis. According to studies, the majority of people have one of the following:
There is a good chance that a family member also suffers from this ailment when excessive sweating only affects one or two parts of the body.
Sweating excessively can be a symptom of several medical disorders. These include gout and diabetes. A tumour or injury might also make you sweat a lot.
When menopausal women experience hot flashes, they frequently perspire profusely. The root cause is clear. However, some women experience excessive perspiration after the menopause. The source of this perspiration is not immediately apparent.
All races are susceptible to hyperhidrosis. Sweating excessively can start at any age. It starts for many people when they are children or teenagers. Dermatologists think that this illness affects children and teenagers more frequently than is recognised.
Hyperhidrosis is a condition that can affect anyone, regardless of where they reside.
Generalized excessive sweating is excessive perspiration that affects the majority of the body. Typically, no clear cause is identified. However, a number of illnesses, including heat exhaustion and fevers, can result in generalised profuse sweating.
The region might occasionally turn red and swell up. Due to bacteria and yeasts that often exist on the skin breaking down sweat, the area may smell bad (bromhidrosis). The affected area may become pallid, wrinkled, and cracked from severe, ongoing moisture. Additionally, sweat can soak clothing.
People who sweat excessively frequently worry about their condition a lot, which can cause them to retreat from social situations. The stress could exacerbate the perspiration.
The type of hyperhidrosis and the location of the excessive perspiration on the body affect the course of treatment. Your general health and other considerations are taken into account by your dermatologist.
Treatments that dermatologists use to help their patients control hyperhidrosis include:
This can be the first course of action a dermatologist suggests. It is inexpensive. An antiperspirant can work if used as instructed. An ordinary antiperspirant or one with clinical strength may be suggested by your dermatologist. Some people are prescribed a stronger antiperspirant because they require one.
Uses: Apply to underarms, hands, feet, or hairline
How it works: Your skin has the antiperspirant sitting on top of it. The antiperspirant is drawn into your sweat glands while you perspire. The sweat glands are blocked by this. Your body should stop producing as much sweat when it detects that its sweat glands are blocked.
Side effects: Where they apply the antiperspirant, some people develop:
Be sure to let your dermatologist know if these happen. You can lessen these negative effects by using the antiperspirant in a different way.
Risk factors: Aluminum not a cause (Alzheimer’s Association)
This might be a solution if you experience excessive sweating in your hands, feet, or both areas. This therapy will be applied at home. You have to put your hands or feet in a shallow pan of running water. A medical device transmits a low-voltage electricity through the water as you do this.
Many people obtain relief. Some people dislike that this treatment can be time-consuming.
Uses: Hands and feet
How it works: The electric current shuts down the treated sweat glands temporarily.
The majority of people require six to ten treatments to stop sweating. You start by utilising the gadget as frequently as your dermatologist advises in order to see improvement. You may initially require two or three treatments per week. Typically, a treatment session lasts between 20 and 40 minutes.
Once you see results, you can repeat the treatment as needed to maintain results. This can range from once a week to once a month.
To stop sweating, the majority of people need six to ten treatments. To begin seeing results, use the device as regularly as your dermatologist recommends. At first, you could need two or three treatments every week. A treatment session typically lasts 20 to 40 minutes.
Side effects: Some people develop:
Inform your dermatologist if any side effects occur. These adverse effects are frequently eliminated by making simple modifications.
This medication, in a weak version, can be injected beneath your arms by your dermatologist. A patient will require numerous extremely little injections in the underarms to alleviate excessive perspiration. Patients rarely experience pain or discomfort when procedures are done correctly.
This underarm therapy is authorised by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Findings from several research papers imply that this therapy might work for other body parts. Women who are post-menopausal and have excessive head sweating may benefit from it. For excessive sweating that affects the hands and feet, it might be beneficial.
How it works: A substance in the body that stimulates the sweat glands is momentarily blocked by the injections. Four to five days after starting treatment, the majority of patients start seeing results.
Four to six months, and perhaps longer, pass before sweating returns to normal. You can withdraw once the excessive sweating starts up again.
Side effects: The most common one is temporary muscle weakness, which can occur when this is injected into the hands.
This medication has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in patients who have excessive underarm perspiration and are 9 years of age or older.
How it works: Glypyrronium tosylate, the active component in these individually wrapped towels, might reduce underarm perspiration.
Uses: Most people use one wipe per day at home to treat both underarms.
Side effects: Dry mouth, redness on the skin that has been treated, and burning or stinging where the wipe contacted your skin are examples of potential adverse effects.
Some patients are given a prescription for a drug that stops their sweating momentarily. These drugs function all over the body.
How it works: These drugs stop the sweat glands from producing perspiration. Extreme caution should be exercised when administering this medication in athletes, those who work in warm environments, and anyone who lives in a warm area. It's possible that the body can't cool itself.
Uses: These medications are beneficial in treating body-wide perspiration. If a post-menopausal woman simply sweats heavily from her head, this medication may also be a helpful treatment for them.
Side effects: The medicines that prevent the sweat glands from working can cause:
With higher doses comes an increased danger of side effects. You should discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your dermatologist before taking it.