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Freckles Treatment

Freckles Treatment in Lucknow

Freckles are a kind of harmless pigmentation that mainly occur on the face. However, if you wish to remove them, several promising procedures can help you achieve the desired results. For more in-depth information, read the article causes, types and treatment for freckles.


What are Freckles:

Freckles are small flat spots generally found on sun-exposed sites of your body. They're tan, red, dark brown or light brown.
The Freckles are familiar and aren't a fitness threat. Yet, it is more continually visible in the season of summer.
You're additionally likely to have freckles if you're lighter-skinned and include blond or red hair. However, freckles can appear on anyone and appear as darker brown smudges.

Types of freckles.

There are two kinds of freckles: solar lentigines and ephelides.

  • Ephelides: Ephelides are usually red and flat or tan-to-brown in colour. Ephelides are the freckles that most individuals think of when they hear "freckle." Sun exposure and sunburns mainly cause them. They generally appear on body spots revealed to the sun: face, upper chest, arms, neck and back. People with lighter hair colour and skin colour are more prone to ephelides. Mainly seen in people who are white, and people of Asian descent are postverbally affected. Ephelides tend to first occur in young youngsters exposed to the sun. Ephelides persist in developing into young maturity. Ephelides tend to fade with age.
  • Solar lentigines: Solar lentigines are red to yellow to brown to dark patches of skin. It's also called actinic lentigines, age spots or liver spots, as they usually develop in adults over 40. Repeated sun exposure over time mainly causes them, and they're found on uncovered areas of skin, including your face, back of your hands, forearms, chest, back, shoulders and lower legs.

What causes freckles?

Freckles occur when melanin, the pigment that provides skin with its colour, builds up under the skin. As a result, freckles may look brown, red, or tan.

Sun direction and genetical factors make some individuals more likely to grow freckles:

Exposure of Sun

Someone's skin cells grow extra melanin to cover the skin from sun damage. It is why freckles tend to appear after sun exposure.

Freckles can appear over a large skin area and reappear or become darker in summer. Freckles often fade or disappear in winter, when new skin cells replace old ones.

Freckles grow on spots often uncovered to sunlight, such as the:

  • Face
  • Arms
  • Neck
  • Back
  • Chest


Genetics also lead to who is more likely to develop freckles founded on which kind of melanin their body grows.

The body can have two types of melanin named pheomelanin and eumelanin. Eumelanin covers the skin from UV rays, but pheomelanin accomplishes no.

The kind of melanin the body grows relies on a gene called MC1R.

  • People with dark hair, eyes, and skin usually produce mainly eumelanin and are less compared to develop freckles.
  • People with red, light brown hair, or blonde and light-coloured skin and eyes usually produce mainly pheomelanin and are likelier to develop freckles.

What are the Symptoms of Freckles

Change in skin colour and shape. Diarrhoea accompanied by freckles is a common symptom. Diarrhoea may be associated with crampy abdominal pain and weight loss. There might be blood or mucus in the stool. Also, skin cancer may be a possible symptom of freckles. It is because moles grow in the affected area of the skin.

What are the Treatments for Freckles

Skin specialist rarely treats freckles. Several safe, though costly, strategies are obtainable to help lighten or reduce the impression of freckles. Frequently, multiple or a variety of treatments may be required for the best results. Only some people's skin will enhance with similar treatments, and freckles can usually recur with reprised UV exposures.

  • Bleaching or vanishing creams: Effects including hydroquinone and kojic acid are beneficial freckle treatments. Higher concentrations of hydroquinone (over 2%) may use. These can help lighten freckles if they are applied consistently over a period of months. Bleaching or fading creams are effective with sun avoidance and sun protection.
  • Tretinoin: Tretinoin (vitamin A acid, Retin-A) also helps to make freckles lighter when applied over some time.
  • Cryosurgery: A light freeze with liquid nitrogen can treat some freckles. Not all areas respond to this state of therapy.
  • Laser treatment: Numerous lasers may help lighten and reduce the appearance of freckles safely and actually. Like cryosurgery, this is an easy and safe process with a high success rate and a low risk of scarring or skin discolouration.
  • Photofacials or Extreme Pulsed Light therapies are another methods to lighten and remove freckles. It is not an accurate laser technique but an intense light source.
  • Chemical peels: They can also help lighten freckles and improve irregular pigmentation. It can remove age spots, freckles, discolouration, wrinkles and fine lines. They generally help smooth and firm skin and help cure freckles gradually.
  • Intense Pulsed Light Therapy (IPL): IPL is one of the newer forms of facial rejuvenation. IPL delivers energy to the skin's superficial (epidermis) and deep (dermis) layers. The epidermis isis spared from damage. Thus, there is virtually no recovery time.