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Vitiligo

Vitiligo Treatment in Lucknow


Long-lasting vitiligo causes the skin to develop pale white patches. Lack of melanin, the skin pigment, is what causes it.
Although vitiligo can affect any part of the skin, it most frequently affects the hands, face, neck, and wrinkles in the skin.
It's crucial to wear sunscreen with a high sun protection factor and exercise additional caution when in the sun because the pale portions of skin are more susceptible to sunburn (SPF).

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Causes:

Vitiligo is brought on by a shortage of melanin, the skin's pigment. This does not make sense, for some reason. Research suggests vitiligo could be the result of:

  • An autoimmune condition: Lack of melanin, the pigment in the skin, causes vitiligo. For some reason, this does not make sense. According to research, vitiligo may originate from:
  • Genetic changes: The operation of your melanocytes may be impacted by a genetic mutation or alteration to your body's DNA. There are more than 30 genes that can make you more likely to get vitiligo.
  • Stress: If you frequently suffer physical stress on your body or emotional stress on your body, particularly after an injury, your melanocyte cells may generate less pigment.
  • Environmental triggers: Your melanocyte cells' ability to operate can be impacted by things like exposure to harmful chemicals and UV light.

Risk of Vitiligo

Today, scientists recognise vitiligo as an autoimmune condition in which the body attacks its own tissues. According to Dr. Asma, MBBS, a dermatologist in private practise in Lucknow, India, "it develops when a section of the immune system starts to attack and kill the pigment cells — melanocytes — in the skin, resulting in the production of white patches." According to MedlinePlus, melanocytes are the cells that create melanin, the pigment that gives skin, hair, and eyes their colour.

Why, then, could the immune system of the body ever target healthy skin cells? According to the American Academy of Dermatology, researchers have not yet reached a consensus on this issue. However, it appears likely that both genetics and environmental stimuli contribute.

These elements have been linked to an increased risk of vitiligo:

  • Family Tree and Genealogy A specific genetic profile has been discovered to increase the risk of acquiring vitiligo in about 20% of vitiligo patients who have at least one close relative who also has this skin condition. According to MedlinePlus, vitiligo has been linked to variations in over 30 genes, including two by the names of NLRP1 and PTPN22. These and other genes that have recently been associated to vitiligo are known to play a role in inflammation and immune system modulation.
  • Environment-related factors In addition to a previous genetic composition, vitiligo appears to be caused by something in the environment that triggers an autoimmune reaction that kills melanocytes. According to the paper in F1000 Research, potential triggers include sunburn, exposure to particular chemicals, and stress or injury to the skin. These catalysts can also cause vitiligo in those who already have the condition to spread.
  • A Current Autoimmune Illness According to the American Academy of Dermatology, those who have an autoimmune condition like psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Hashimoto's disease, or alopecia areata are more likely to acquire vitiligo. According to NIAMS, a number of vitiligo-related genes are also connected to other autoimmune diseases such thyroid illness, type 1 diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis. According to MedlinePlus, 15 to 25% of vitiligo patients also have an autoimmune illness.

Symptoms of Vitiligo

  • skin or mucous membrane patches that have lost their colour. These could have a whiter or paler appearance than your actual skin tone.
  • Patches of hair on your body turn silver, gray or white.

A tiny section of your body may only have minor symptoms, or your skin may experience severe symptoms over a big area. Before depigmentation begins, the skin of some vitiligo patients itches. 

Where will I have symptoms of vitiligo?

Vitiligo symptoms can show up anywhere on your body's skin. The most typical locations to get vitiligo symptoms include on your:

  • Hands.
  • Feet.
  • Arms.
  • Face.
  • Mucous membranes (inside of your mouth, lips and nose).
  • Genitals (penis).

Treatment

Board-certified dermatologists who treat vitiligo develop a plan of care with the following objectives in mind:

  • Restore lost skin color
  • Stop the blotches and patches from expanding and new blotches from forming.

Vitiligo can be treated in a variety of ways. A dermatologist considers what is best for each patient while developing a treatment plan. Your dermatologist takes into account your age, general health, and the impact the condition has on your life to do this. Important factors include the type of vitiligo, the location on the body where it manifests, and the rate of progression.

Skin-color restoring medication that you apply directly to your skin

The skin-applied prescription drugs used to cure vitiligo include a number of them. These are used at home.

A corticosteroid that is prescribed is one of these drugs. The folks who just got vitiligo respond well to this treatment. 

Dermatologists only recommend a corticosteroid for a brief duration due to potential negative effects. This medicine works well for both kids and adults when given briefly.

Another alternative for both children and adults is tacrolimus ointment or pimecrolimus lotion. These drugs have the benefit of having a longer duration of use than corticosteroids. Skin on the head or neck responds best to these treatments. 

Calcipotriene is another drug that could replace lost pigment. When combined with a corticosteroid, it can be useful despite being ineffective when given alone. The quantity of re-pigmentation you observe and the length of time it takes to see effects can both be accelerated by using these medications as recommended. Both toddlers and adults are given calcipotriene by dermatologists.

Light therapy to restore lost skin color

A form of ultraviolet (UV) radiation used in light treatment exposes your skin to your natural skin tone. A procedure called phototherapy may be recommended by your dermatologist if you need to have a significant portion of your body treated.

You subject your skin to UV light for a predetermined period of time during phototherapy. The appropriate amount of time is determined for each patient by a dermatologist. You stand in a light box that emits UV light.

Your dermatologist may recommend laser therapy if you require care that is specific to a certain area of your body. Since a laser can only focus on a small area of skin, it has less of an impact on skin that is healthy.

The face and neck are the most responsive to light therapy for colour restoration. The treatment with light therapy is least effective on the lips, tips of the fingers, and toes.

If light therapy is an option for you, you will need a number of treatments.

Light therapy advances gradually. Your dermatologist could advise light therapy in addition to the skin care you use to restore colour more quickly.

taking medication to Reduce the growth of new blemishes and patches, and restore skin colour

Vitiligo typically spreads gradually. Sometimes it spreads swiftly. Prednisone may be prescribed by your dermatologist if you frequently see new patches and blotches on your skin. This potent drug has the potential to delay the progression of the illness. It is offered as pills. Prednisone is used for one to two weeks.

Micropigmentation (permanent makeup) for vitiligo to cover vitiligo spots

The vitiligo therapy Vitilio Camouflage Permanent Makeup is quite successful. Results appear immediately and don't wash off for up to three years. The pigment in the semi-permanent makeup conceals the white spots of skin, blending them seamlessly with your natural skin tone.

Nearly anywhere on the body, including the face, hands, and feet, can receive this treatment. Close up, it like a concealer that has been expertly done, but it doesn't budge or wash off. It is the finest alternative to a vitiligo cure.

Cosmetic camouflage, often known as camouflage tattooing, can improve your skin's appearance as well as your spirit or sense of self. Permanent makeup, also known as micro-pigmentation or permanent tattooing, has emerged as a practical method for rapidly and effectively assisting patients in the cosmetic component of their recuperation and healing. Medical professionals are now becoming more aware of and in agreement with this cosmetic treatment, which they can suggest to patients with certainty and with outcomes that have been seen.

Be Patient and Realistic When Using Cosmetic Camouflage:
  • You can start vitiligo camouflage once your dermatologist has given the all-clear.
  • If you do require cosmetic disguise, it's essential that the operation ends well. Cosmetic camouflage can frequently be effective, but it's crucial for you to realise that there's no guarantee that it can instantaneously and completely erase all traces of the prior skin condition. You need to set reasonable goals.
  • Since 2014, we have completed tens of thousands of successful permanent makeup procedures. We won't just give you the information you want to hear to be our patient. We will offer you our professional judgement. If you're still unsure following our consultation, we will also advise you to consult with others.

You will typically notice a noticeable change in the area's appearance after a few treatments.