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Skin Discoloration

Skin Discoloration Treatment in Lucknow

Birthmarks, pigmentation disorders, rashes, and infections are just a few causes of changes in skin pigmentation. For instance, melanin overproduction might result in brown or black spots.

Skin contains melanin, which is the pigment that gives the skin its color. Having more melanin makes the skin darker, while less of it results in lighter skin. Melanin is also responsible for hair and eye color.
Patches of discoloured skin stand out from a person's natural skin tone, making them visible. They may be red, grey, or blue, or they could be lighter, darker, or another colour.
Patches of discoloured skin are noticeable because they stand out from a person's natural skin tone. They could be red, grey, or blue, or they could be a different colour, lighter or deeper.



There are many potential causes of skin discolouration, ranging from small problems to more serious medical conditions. These may include:

  • birthmarks, which are discoloured skin spots that may be present at or shortly after birth
  • pigmentation illness, such as melasma, albinism and vitiligo
  • medical disorders, such as rosacea, psoriasis, and Graves' disease
  • infections from harmful bacteria, viruses, or fungi
  • allergies, which might lead to hives or eczema inflammations
  • skin cancer, which grows from damaged skin cells that become malignant (cancerous)
  • different causes, such as burns and medication side effects

Prevention of Skin Discoloration

It is impossible to prevent all causes of discoloured patches of skin.

However, sun protection may decrease the risk of melasma, sunburn, and skin cancer. People can defend themselves from the sun by

  • using sunscreen
  • staying out of the midday sun
  • covering up with loose clothing

Diagnosis of Skin Discoloration

You should schedule an appointment with a doctor if you:

  • have any lasting changes in your skin colour
  • You will see a new mole or growth on your skin
  • have an existing mole or production that changed in size or appearance
  • have any other concerning symptoms, like as pain, inflammation, or discharge

At your appointment, your doctor will first examine skin discolouration areas and ask about any differences you've noticed. They will again ask about other symptoms you may be experiencing.

Relying on your physician's results during the physical exam, they may order additional diagnostic testing to decide the cause of skin discolouration. While the same tests may alter with each possible reason for discoloured skin, the options may include:

  • blood trials to check for infections that may cause differences in skin colour
  • a Wood's lamp test to identify potential fungal or bacterial infections
  • a skin biopsy to examine a little sample of the affected skin beneath a microscope for the existence of abnormal cells


Laser Therapy:

Intense pulsed light devices and Q-switching lasers are commonly used to help lighten areas of the skin that have darkened.

Topical creams:

Topical hydroquinone or prescription retinol (vitamin A) cream can help reduce the appearance of dark spots on the skin.

Chemical peels:

Chemical peels containing salicylic acid and glycolic acid can reduce the discoloured outer layer of the skin.

Talk to your healthcare provider to determine which treatment is best for you. Discuss each treatment's side effects, cost, and effectiveness. The doctor will prescribe the correct treatment for that condition if a person has an underlying health condition. For example, the person should receive treatment immediately if the underlying cause is skin cancer.