Most teenagers will have pimples at some point. Some only have a few small spots that soon go away again. Others develop persistent and visible acne. It can be very distressing, particularly in puberty.
But several things can be done about acne, although patience is needed. This information concerns acne in teenagers and young adults, known as “common” acne or acne vulgaris.
Acne is a skin condition when your hairs become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It generates whiteheads, blackheads or pimples. Acne is most familiar among teenagers, though it concerns people of all ages.
Effective acne cures are available, but acne can be ongoing. The pimples and bumps recover slowly; when one begins to disappear, others seem to crop up.
Depending on its harshness, acne can cause emotional despair and scar the skin. The before you start treatment, the inferior your risk of such problems.
Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that provokes spots and pimples, particularly on the face, shoulders, back, chest, neck, and upper arms.
Whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, cysts, and nodules are all types of acne.
It is the most common skin condition in India, affecting up to 40 million Indians yearly.
It commonly happens during puberty, when the sebaceous glands start, though it can happen at any age. Acne is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars.
The sebaceous glands produce oil. Acne is produced by men hormones produced by the adrenal glands in both gentlemen and ladies.
At least 90 per cent of people in India experience acne between 12 and 24 years.
If you have acne, you might notice a mix of pimple types.
Whiteheads and blackheads, referred to as comedones, are the most common acne lesions.
Blackheads, or open comedones, open at the texture of your skin. Oxygen in the air (not dirt) shows the top of these spots their darker appearance.
Whiteheads, or closed comedones, form as raised bumps under the surface of your skin. They remain flesh-coloured.
Inflammatory lesions, which are more likely to cause scarring of your skin, include:
Papules. These small, red, raised, inflamed or infected hair follicles cause bumps.
Pustules. These small red pimples have pus at their tips.
Nodules. These solid, often unhappy lumps develop under the shell of your skin.
Cysts. These large lumps beneath your skin contain pus and are usually painful.
Acne symptoms vary depending on the harshness of your situation:
Acne usually occurs on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders.
Both male and female skin has pores that associate with oil glands underneath the skin. Follicles commune the glands to the pores. Follicles are tiny sacs that construct and perspire liquid.
The glands produce an oily liquidTrusted Source called sebum. Sebum maintains dead skin cells via the follicles to the skin's surface. A small hair grows via the follicle out of the skin.
Pimples grow when these follicles get blocked, and oil builds up under the skin.
Skin cells, sebum, and hair can clump into a cork. This cork gets contaminated with bacteria, and swelling results. Acne starts to develop when the plug begins to break down.
Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is the name which is responsible for the bacteria that live on the skin and donate to the infection of pimples.
Research suggestsTrusted Source that the harshness and commonness of acne rely on the strain of bacteria. Not all acne bacteria are responsible for acne. One strain enables to maintain the skin acne-free.
A range of factors triggers acne, but the main cause is increased androgen levels.
Androgen is a type of hormone, the levels of which rise when adolescence begins. In women, it gets converted into estrogen.
growth of androgen levels causes the oil glands that are beneath the skin to produce. The enlarged gland creates more sebum. Excessive sebum can crack down cellular walls in the pores, causing bacteria to grow.
Some studies suggestTrusted Source that genetic factors may increase the risk.
The acne treatment plan that's right for you depends on many considerations, including
While a therapy plan can differ from one patient to the next, treatment often follows these guidelines for two patients with the same kind of acne.
Whiteheads, blackheads, or both: If you keep these breakouts, you'll probably use acne medication for your skin. Your therapy plan may include one of the following:
Pimples: Mild or moderate pimples cure with the medicine you apply to your skin. The cure will often consist of utilizing one of the following:
Women who persist in getting breakouts may require medication, such as a birth management tablet which is approved by the U.S.(FDA) and has agreed to cure pimples or scars. The birth management patch may even be useful, as can some other drugs.
You'll find more information about stubborn acne that women can develop: Stubborn acne? Hormonal therapy may help
Acne nodules and cysts: If you have deep, painful acne that usually leaves a permanent scar, an effective cure can help you see clearer skin and stop new scars.
Treatment may consist of:
Laser or light therapy: Studies indicate that laser and light machines can assist in clearing acne. This kind of treatment performs best when mixed with different acne treatments.
A corticosteroid injection: A dermatologist can inject it with a corticosteroid if you have a large, extremely painful, deep acne breakout. It can rapidly reduce the pain and the size of the breakout. While effective, this treatment is dedicated to treating a few painful acne flights. Using it more than a few times can cause side effects.
A healthy diet: Some studies suggest that what you eat can also help to give you clearer skin. If you think what you're eating could be causing breakouts, find out what the research shows.
Preventing acne is difficult, if not impossible, during normal hormonal changes. But some things can help:
When Should I See a Dermatologist for Acne?:
If over-the-counter acne treatments and gentle face washing don't work for you, it's a good time to schedule an appointment with us. Cases of severe acne require a more aggressive treatment plan to prevent acne scars from occurring. We can determine the best method for treating your acne at The Velvet Skin Centre with Dr Asma, Dermatologist & Aesthetics Surgeon
What Acne Treatments Are Available?:
There are several acne treatments available based on your age, gender, and severity, among other factors. Mild or moderate cases of acne can be treated with topical creams or gels. Oral antibiotics or hormone-controlling medications can be effective for more inflammatory acne. Isotretinoin (Accutane) is a helpful tool for stubborn or severe acne. Other types of acne therapy can also be used, such as certain lights or Lasers like Fractional CO2. The Velvet Skin Centre utilizes a variety of acne treatment methods, so contact us today to schedule a consultation.
Does acne go away?:
We often associate acne with our teenage years and early 20s, when our hormones change, and we become prone to breakouts or cystic acne. Around 80% of teens suffer from spots at some point during these years.
But acne can still affect us at other times, particularly if we have a poor diet, are stressed, or have naturally oily skin. Excess sebum is one of the biggest contributors to acne.
The best way to cure acne is to find and deal with the root cause – but if the reason is out of your control, there are specialities you can do to manage and reduce your acne, such as treating it with medication, topical creams, a healthy diet and a good skincare regime.
What acne treatment is right for me?:
If you're unsure what acne treatment is right for you, you can take an acne assessment with our medical team for impartial help and advice. The top priority is to identify the underlying causes of your acne to find the best way of curing it. If non-prescription treatments have not worked for you, now is the time to speak to us.